Aborigines are natives of Australia, who constitute to 2% of the entire Australian population. They are the descendants who migrated out of the African states approximately 1000 years ago. These people are characterized by their peculiar culture, art, storytelling traits and a rigid spiritual belief. Learning about the incredible information and facts pertaining to them is not less than a fascinating experience.
When did Aboriginals migrate from Africa?
Recent studies dating Aboriginal occupation sites, particularly in Northern Australian indicate that Aboriginal people arrived in Australia well over 60,000 years ago. They were likely to be part of the first wave of humans leaving Africa; crossing to Australia via southern Asia. According to Robert Hoskin, currently researching the more immediate history of Kimberley Aboriginal people, the present Kimberley Aboriginal people can claim a history extending back further than originally thought. Their art, resplendent in countless caves throughout the Kimberley, is thousands of years old. Yet, this art and their culture generally, is being maintained by present generations, unlike many peoples long since died out. This is a distinctive and living culture which has technological knowledge extending back thousands of years, and related to, if not emergent from this unique land of Australia.
Some of them live in the area surrounding the Ayres Rock that is a big formation in the middle of the continent. Besides this place, you will also find them in the northern region of the Kakadu National Park. This is also called the land of their ancestors.
Each of the aborigines had their own tradition, beliefs, territory, and language. They began their journey as wandering hunter gatherers. They traveled one place to another to hunt for animals, nuts, insects and fruits. As in Australia there are not much suitable plants for agriculture, they did not take up the task of farming. Also, these primitive aboriginals did not have the appropriate animals such as horses, cattle and goats for domestication purpose.
This is a western term that is used to describe the base of the culture and spiritual identity of Aborigines. It is through this way, they understand the world, relate themselves to things that surround them and rules that govern their life.
Dream time is a type of continuing story that resembles similar to the Bible, Greek and Hindu mythology. In Dreamtime, it is said that the ancestors of the Aboriginals evolved from earth to form wonderful nature that includes the sky, animal species and water bodies. They never endowed humans with a status higher than nature. They also have this unwavering faith that a few of their ancestors have merged into nature and are still present as spiritually alive souls.
The music and art of aborigines have survived for more than 100 years and is still considered to be one of the oldest forms of art that is practiced today. Their rich art mainly comprises of symbols, which forms the basis of communication. Also, these objects are used to display the presence of different types of things and objects that existed around them at those times.
Their art includes rock painting, bar paintings, sculpture, baskets and beadwork. Drawings on the bark of the tree are an example of common ancient aboriginal art. Some of these drawings have now perished with time. By selling these rock carvings and paintings, they used to earn their livelihood.
The history of Aboriginals in Australia is vast. The more one knows about their rich heritage and culture, more curious and amazed one becomes. The above information surely gives an insight into their vibrant and cultural life of the aboriginals.